I’m pleased to see that Oshinsa has provided his views on the goalkeeper’s perspective on penalty shoot-outs. I’m reposting a discussion point made earlier for those who didn’t see it.
How about looking at penalty shoot-outs from the perspective of the goalkeeper. Could they use imagery to advantage? Take a look at this video, which suggests that standing still might be the best option for stopping a penalty and explains why goalkeepers are reluctant to do so.